How AI might influence elections in 2024 | Fact check

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) to generate fake content is posing a significant threat to democracy and electoral processes globally, with instances of deep fake videos and cloned voices being used to manipulate voters and damage political candidates’ images. Governments and tech companies are taking steps to address this issue, such as the European Union passing the AI Act to require transparency in AI-generated content and the development of AI detectors to identify fake content, while emphasizing the importance of public awareness and vigilance in verifying information to prevent the spread of misinformation.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is being used to generate fake content that can influence elections around the world. This poses a significant threat to democracy as AI-generated content, such as deep fake videos and cloned voices, is becoming increasingly convincing. In India, AI has been used to create videos of deceased politicians delivering speeches, potentially misleading voters and damaging political candidates’ public image. The ability to manipulate visuals and audio with AI tools has made it easier for anyone to create convincing fake content, raising concerns about the impact on electoral processes.

In Europe, deep fake videos targeting politicians have already been circulated online, with the potential to discredit politicians or undermine the integrity of democratic processes. For example, a fake video of French President Emmanuel Macron dancing at a nightclub was debunked, highlighting the risks associated with AI-generated disinformation campaigns. In Slovakia, an AI-generated fake audio recording spread on social media, leading to concerns about the authenticity of information shared during elections.

To address the threat of AI-generated disinformation, the European Union has passed the AI Act, which requires online providers using AI to transparently disclose content produced with AI. This law aims to combat the spread of fake content and protect the integrity of elections by ensuring that AI-generated content is clearly labeled. While this legislation is a positive step, experts emphasize the need for government action and AI literacy among the public to combat the spread of fake content.

In the United States, AI-generated content has been used in robocalls to manipulate voters, such as a fake call impersonating President Joe Biden to discourage participation in primary elections. The spread of AI-generated fake audios poses a challenge in distinguishing between real and fake information, potentially influencing voters’ decisions. As the 2024 presidential election approaches, concerns about the misuse of AI in political campaigns and disinformation continue to grow.

Overall, the increasing use of AI in generating fake content raises concerns about its impact on elections and democracy worldwide. While AI detectors are being developed to identify fake content, there is a need for a multi-faceted approach involving government regulations, tech companies’ responsibility, and public awareness to address the threats posed by AI-generated disinformation. It is crucial for individuals to be cautious about trusting online content and to verify information before sharing, to prevent the spread of misinformation that could influence electoral outcomes.